On the national level, a lot has happened related to redistricting. In South Carolina, there has been significant activity, but there is still a long road ahead. It is possible that future national developments will have an impact on the South Carolina effort, but it is too soon to tell.
South Carolina Legislature
The League of Women Voters of South Carolina (LWVSC) supports H.3054 in the South Carolina House, which will create an independent commission made up of members appointed by the legislature and the governor, and define standards for the commission to use to create fair proposed maps to send to the legislature for approval. This bill is in the Judiciary Committee. While H.3054 and its Senate companion are not the only bills related to redistricting, they are the ones favored by LWVSC, and they have bipartisan sponsorship.
South Carolina Action
Over the past two years, the League has actively promoted redistricting reform in the state. The League has developed materials for use in public presentations, and in 2017, the League held training sessions for League advocates in Greenville and Columbia. Redistricting programs have been presented to local Leagues in Charleston, Clemson, Greenville, Spartanburg, Aiken, and elsewhere. League advocates have also presented to other organizations, including the Forum Club, Sociology Club, Math Club, and a sociology class at Clemson, and the Progressive Women of Anderson County.
In addition, at least two open public fora have been held so far this year, both well attended and lively:
- January 22, 2019, Richland County Library, Columbia. Does My Vote Even Count: A Forum on Election Reform, panel discussion with Reps. Beth Bernstein, Gary Clary, and Kirkman Finlay, Senator Mia McLeod, and experts Duncan Buell and John Ruoff, on voting machines, voting rights, redistricting, and related topics.
- March 12, 2019, Greenville County Library, Greenville, Beyond the Basics: The Math of Gerrymandering, presentation by Dr. Anne Catlla, Wofford University.
A fall 2018 Winthrop University poll showed that nearly 70% of South Carolina voters support the idea of independently drawn districts. This is similar to levels of support shown across the country. Some preliminary analyses by news analysis sites, such as FiveThirtyEight.com’s Redistricting Project, suggest that South Carolina’s Congressional district map is highly gerrymandered. I and a team of students are engaged in a more detailed analysis of our state Congressional and legislative maps.
LWVSC’s action priority is to keep the issue in the public eye, continue to inform our citizens, and press legislators to support the bills. While LWVSC has limited resources for a publicity campaign, please watch for information about mobilization from the League.
In 2017–2018, the Supreme Court heard political gerrymandering cases from North Carolina, Wisconsin, and Maryland, and remanded them back to lower courts. This year, the North Carolina and Maryland cases returned to the Court; oral arguments were heard March 26 with a ruling expected in June.
Two recent research reports suggest that gerrymandering has broad electoral and social impacts; for example, as we experience in SC, uncompetitive districts lead to uncontested elections and lack of choice for voters. And independent analyses show that gerrymandering had a significant effect on the outcome of 2018 Congressional races and state legislative races in several states.
Voter initiatives have been used successfully in several states to institute redistricting reforms. Unfortunately, that option is not available to voters in South Carolina. The US House passed HR.1, a broad voting rights and election reform bill that includes a provision for requiring independent redistricting commissions in every state. The bill is not likely to be taken up in the Senate.